A Guide To Your First Gravel Race
This article series aims to enable cyclists to show up as prepared as possible for their first race. We’ll cover the primary types of events available; gravel, road, mountain, and cyclocross. There will be a fair amount of carryover for each discipline, but every kind of event has unique demands that must be accounted for.
As we release additional guides, we’ll update the links below.
Gravel races are endurance events that range from 25 miles for beginner/youth races to 350 miles for ultra-distance. Courses will utilize predominantly gravel roads and occasionally a mix of minimum maintenance roads (aka B-roads) and paved roads.
Races are typically mass starts, meaning all riders start together regardless of age group, ability, or goal distance for the day. While prizes are often available for the fastest finishers in each category, many/most riders are chasing a personal goal.
An often talked about perk of gravel racing is that it offers something for everyone. The professional racer and the weekend warrior are treated equally and have the same opportunity for a fantastic day at the best gravel events.
Tire Selection & Air Pressure
There is a myriad of choices when it comes to tire type and size. The suggestions below will help you get started in the right direction.
- Width – 38mm or larger is recommended. Some older bike frames won’t have clearance for wider tires, but it’s rare to find a cyclocross, gravel, or mountain bike that doesn’t allow the use of 38s.
- Tread – A tire with a smooth or lightly treaded center line and larger knobs on the outer edge of the tire is best for gravel. Tires with this tread pattern tend to be well suited for gravel riding. We recommend starting here for your first set of gravel-specific tires and then adjusting based on your experience on the road.
- Air Pressure – Using the wrong air pressure in your tires will hurt comfort and handling. Too low, you’ll feel the tire bottom out on fast descents. Too much, and you will feel like the bike is trying to buck you off and lose traction in corners. Please reference this chart to find your starting air pressure.
- How to plug a tire (for cyclists running tubeless, this is often all that’s needed)
- How to remove the front and rear wheels
- How to change a tube
- How to fix a broken chain
- Bonus Skill: How to convert to a single-speed when you’re derailleur breaks
The longer the event, the more critical the above skills become. In a 25-mile beginner-friendly course, support staff or friends/family will likely be nearby that can offer a ride when your bike breaks down. It may take multiple hours in longer events before a volunteer or race crew member can rescue from the side of the road. On that note, it’s always a good idea to carry a fully charged cell phone with you at gravel events!
Nutrition and Hydration
- How much fuel is needed hourly to maintain energy
- How much water is needed hourly to maintain hydration
- What specific fuels work for your body? Pop-Tarts and Red Bull might be rocket fuel for one athlete and disaster for another.
Week before race
Download the course as soon as possible and ensure it loads correctly on your cycling computer or phone. Please pay attention to the promoter’s website or social media pages, as it is not uncommon for course changes to occur due to weather.
Reviewing the course, look for tricky sections (rough roads, single track, weird turns). When developing your pacing strategy, you’ll need to know the wind direction and the main climbing sections. In general, you’ll want to save energy on the tailwind and flat areas so that you can push harder into headwinds and climbs. The final part of your race day strategy should note SAG stations (SAG = stop and go). Some events will include a SAG every 20-30 miles throughout a course, while other events may only have a SAG every 40-50 miles. Plan accordingly with your food and water.
Pay attention to the weather and pack your race day bag with everything you think you’ll need, plus a little extra just in case. Many veteran racers keep a race day bag filled with all their winter gear during the colder months.
Hopefully, your bike is already in good shape, but if you need to make any final adjustments or replace any parts, now is the time to do it. Don’t depend on a bike shop being able to get your bike ready at the last minute for repair. Plan by scheduling an appointment or dropping your bike off a couple of weeks before you need it back.
Bike Review Checklist
- Check all bolts
- Check chain wear
- Check tires for holes and tread wear
- Check sealant levels
- Clean and lubricate the drivetrain
- Make sure flat kit is stocked; 1-2 tubes, 2 CO2s + inflator or pump, tire lever, patch kit, multi-tool with chain breaker.
Day before race
If possible, pre-ride the start and finishing miles of the course. Being familiar with these course sections can help increase race day confidence.
Many races start early in the morning, and you won’t want to waste time hunting for your lucky socks or zip-tying your race number to your bike. Set out all your equipment, clothing, and food the night before to help make the morning as smooth as possible. The night before is an excellent time to ensure electronics are fully charged or on the charger.
Make sure you’re eating plenty of healthy food and staying hydrated. Now is not the time to make any drastic changes to your diet. After dinner, it’s time to relax, double-check your alarm, and get to bed.
Morning of race
Estimate how much time you’ll need to get everything done in the morning, and add 30 minutes. You’ll want some wiggle room in your time budget to accommodate a long bathroom line or an unexpected mechanical problem.
We recommend sticking to your typical breakfast or as close as possible. Again, this is not the time to make drastic changes to your diet. Hopefully, you’ve been knocking out some morning training rides before today and have a general idea of what foods help you feel strong during a ride.
The ideal warm-up will depend on the athlete’s preference and the length of the event. In general, long events (100+ miles) require minimal, if any, warm-up. If you know the race will start hard and want to try and stay near the front of the action, then a 15-20 minute warm-up ride is a good idea.
During the race
Depending on your race day strategy, the start can be a little hectic or very calm. If your goal is to race for the podium or stick with the front group, you’ll be riding in close quarters with a large group of riders, all “fighting” to stay near the front. Riding in a nervous peloton can be stressful, especially if you’re not accustomed to group riding. If your goal is to finish at a specific time, you can avoid the action at the front and roll out behind them at whatever pace you feel is best.
Trying to stick with a faster group of riders can be a great way to get a quick start in the draft but be careful! It’s easy to get excited and push yourself too far into the red without realizing it. Next thing you know, you’ll be popped off the group and in the hurt locker a long way from the finish. A good strategy is to start fast and settle into your own pace within the first few miles.
Don’t wait till you’re hungry or thirsty to eat or drink. Your fueling plan should start well within the first hour of racing. Also, consider how easily you can reach your food if you’re pushing hard in a paceline. If it’s cold out, can you get your heavy gloves into your jersey pocket, or is a top tube bag the better solution?
Finally, remember to smile and have fun. You’re riding bikes!
After the race
Start hydrating and get some food as soon as possible. If a celebratory beer is in your future, ensure you’ve had a couple of glasses of water first. You just put your body through hell, and it will appreciate a little extra hydration.
Gravel is hot right now, and for a good reason. The events blend competitive racing with a fun and relaxed atmosphere that makes everyone feel welcome. A strong finish at the longer events requires many months of dedicated training, but don’t let that discourage you from getting started. Many events will have shorter beginner-friendly distances with more support, perfect for testing the waters.